Voices For American
writes the blog:
The Repug-Dems servile
continue to work inside the
failed status quo, giving
away their sovereign
responsibility to lying
politicians who can not or
will not govern in accord
with the Constitution and
our Rule of Law.
The Diebold Insanity still
defrauds and hijacks our
electoral system, while
the media shreiks about
non-issues that the
corrupt Repulicrats can
make into massive fictions
to front their secret
evils behind the scenes.
Change the losing game.
Take back your responsibility.
Read "Open Letter To Susan".
See Russo's AFTF film.
And then, ORGANIZE.
Direct Democracy League
Executive Summary of Direct Democracy 4.0DD Political Philosophy© 2005-2007 by Stephen Neitzke
We the people are the sovereign here. We need the seven extraordinary rights from the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence (DOI) instituted in our Constitution. We need our national govt to include the eight direct democracy governance components that express the seven extraordinary rights and that are already in place in some of our states -- so that we can exercise our sovereignty when necessary. Without the DD governance components, we are powerless to stop even the smallest tyranny. The staccato of the deeply planned and sweeping tyrannies perpetrated by the three-branch Bush-Cheney Regime prove beyond doubt that the omission of direct democracy from the Constitution was a systemic problem from the beginning.
THE SEVEN GOVERNANCE RIGHTS
Our patriot founders fought the 1775-1783 Revolution for the extraordinary rights of Americans implied in the Declaration of Independence (DOI).
In our dual foundings -- first, the Revolution and War for Independence and, then, four years later, the Constitution -- our true founding fathers are the ordinary people of the Revolution and the War. They were revolutionaries in heart and mind before the fighting started. And then they were patriot warriors and their supporters during the fighting of the War. (This distinction between pre-war thoughts of an American Revolution and battling in the War for Independence is not new. John Adams made the distinction at the time.)
The majority of the authors of the Constitution, touted ever since in sophistry and propaganda as our glorious and hallowed "founding fathers", were the Revolution-reversing predator elitists who unconstitutionally rewrote our inviolable constitution, the Articles of Confederation. Their illegal ratification of the Constitution proved from the beginning and for all time that the American elites, unchecked by the people, would not govern in accord with a legitimate constitution.
The 1780s elites gave themselves, their class, and their class' progeny zero effective accountability, a vague constitution from which their elitist judges could arbitrarily find in favor of any elitist corruption, and an effective bar on any direct democracy that would limit elitist greed.
Checks and balances held by the people had always been a limiting factor on elitist greed and their wealth-driven corruptions of government. The American elites, as with the English elites who were their models, would not tolerate limits from those who were below their class.
The American elites of the 1770s and 1780s were true to their class, not to their nation. They lived the unexamined life of bigoted predators. They needed the rabble as an army, but not as political equals. It was good form to take care of the incompetent commoners -- a carry-over from the noblisse oblige of the bigoted English aristocracy -- but it was not good form to share power with them. The American elites clearly and greedily wanted as much social, economic, and political power as they could make off the backs of ordinary Americans.
The Federalist Papers are rife with sophistry, historical falsehoods, vacuous arguments, and Machiavellian deceits. (Machiavelli's book, The Prince, was published about 1532. Machiavelli's work in the murderous and psyhopathic arts of deceit was widely known among the American elites.)
The English elites had worked around and subtly violated traditional English rights since the Magna Carta. To the English and European aristocracy, the natural law of getting and holding wealth and power trumped all of the rabble's rights. The American elites held the same view.
The American elites saw historical realities only in the prism of cognative dissonance. Their belief system of superiority caused them to psychologically distort or reject any evidence that contradicted their superiority. The overarching natural law of wealth and power was simply a part of their belief system. It still is.
The historical failures of greed teach no lessons to the greedy.
The Constitution provided no sovereign citizen lawmaking -- as republics for all time inherited from the ancient Roman Republic. Never mind that the ancient Roman historian Polybius praised sovereign citizen lawmaking for its ability to produce balanced governance. Polybius was widely studied by American elites in the 1770s and 1780s, and rejected.
The American elites demanded that elected representatives of the people were the nation's sovereign. The Constitution provided no sovereign civil society to check and balance the constitutional encroachments of the rich. Never mind that Aristotle had spotted the need for balancing the rich's destructive encroachments in the 300s BCE. Aristotle's Politics was widely studied by American elites in the 1770s and 1780s, and rejected.
The more perfect the admixture of the political elements, the more lasting will be the constitution. Many even of those who desire to form aristocratical governments make a mistake, not only in giving too much power to the rich, but in attempting to overreach the people. There comes a time when out of a false good there arises a true evil, since the encroachments of the rich are more destructive to the constitution than those of the people.
Aristotle, The Politics, Book IV, translated by W.D. Ross, quoted in The Portable Greek Reader, ed., W.H. Auden, New York, The Viking Press, 1948, tenth printing, 1963.
The false good propounded by the authors of the Constitution was that the class-race elites were the only ones who could govern successfully. True evil springs from that 1780s false good in the elevation of GW Bush to presidential usurper on 20 January 2001. The beginnings of the felony conspiracy against the rights of all Americans to have a president elected in accord with the Constitution -- defined in and violating Title 18, US Code, Section 241 -- are in the unconstitutional SCOTUS decision in Bush v. Gore, 12 December 2000.
Felony forfeits all immunity -- judicial, executive, and legislative. The co-conspirators have no protection from 18 USC 241, except in the criminal collusions between federal executive agencies, the federal bench, and Congress. The felony conspiracy for presidential usurpation includes, at a minimum, the five SCOTUS judges who decided Bush v. Gore, former president Clinton, former vice president Gore, Clinton's DOJ hierarchy, Bush, Cheney, and Bush's DOJ hierarchy. They are all felons-in-waiting. Their only proper place is in federal prison, impeached and removed or not.
A strong case can be made that this violation of 18 USC 241 is also an act of treason. The co-conspirators had all sworn to protect the Constitution and, with it, citizen rights. They knowingly violated their oaths of office and the citizen rights they were sworn to protect. In the 1860s, such behavior resulted in the seccessionist state legislators being convicted of treason.
Because new-nation Americans bought into the 1780s false good of being governed wholly by pure representative government, the sovereign people today have no national-level, direct democracy tools with which to end Bush's three-branch, anti-Constitutional despotism. We are powerless to end, or even to punish, any of the three-branch despotism's immense catalog of crimes against our Constitution, laws, and people.
Our rule of law has been drubbed and overthrown by criminal collusions between the three branches of government.
We have all the law we need to handle the despotism, but we have no justice. We have no direct, institutional power to cut through the criminal collusions among the co-conspirators themselves. The collusions bar us from justice.
"The Constitution is just a goddamned piece of paper." --George W. Bush
From the false good, true evil.
If we can manage a peaceful revolution against the Bush-Cheney evil, we still face ripping their anti-Constitutional laws out of our legal fabric. Nothing new under the sun. In the 60s BCE, after a bloody civil war, Pompey ripped the anti-republican constitution and laws of the usurper-dictator Sulla out of Rome's legal fabric.
In our War for Independence, the American predator elites were willing to use the Declaration of Independence to bait the people into fighting for extraordinary American rights -- rights far beyond traditional English rights. Throughout the war, the DOI was continually posted and read wherever ordinary people would read or listen -- from military formations to church doors to taverns to public squares.
As soon as Independence was won, the DOI became irrelevant to the elites. It had served its Machiavellian function. The elites distanced themselves from the DOI immediately. No US constitution, state or national, would carry its extraordinary rights.
However, too many Americans had given up too much for the DOI's implied promises. The dustbin of history was too small to hold this greatest of all living documents. Ordinary Americans clung to its hopes and promises. We can derive seven fundamental governance rights from the first part of the DOI's second paragraph. Those seven fundamental governance rights are --
- Individual citizens have the fundamental right to be politically equal with all other citizens.
- The sovereign people have the fundamental right to speak for themselves, in their voting majorities.
- The sovereign people have the fundamental right to be their own sovereign masters, democratically and directly electing all of their public servant representatives.
- The sovereign people have the fundamental right to remove any elected representative, for cause, without interference from government.
- The sovereign people have the fundamental right to control the output of legislation by formulating their own, by vetoing law made by government, and by affirming existing law in such a way that government is barred from amending it -- at every jurisdictional level, without interference from government.
- The sovereign people have the fundamental right to alter details of their governance, without interference from government.
- The sovereign people have the fundamental right to protect themselves from themselves by establishing the powers within government to administratively, legislatively, and judicially prevent zealous majorities, greedy corporations, the corrupting superrich, and government itself from violating individual and minority citizen rights, as given in the constitution and laws.
Although the implied promises of these fundamental rights are self-apparent in the DOI's second paragraph -- and although the elites knew that ordinary Americans had fought the War for those fundamental rights -- the authors of the Constitution rejected and omitted every one of them.
The seven fundamental governance rights do not square with the pure representative government of the Constitution.
- National, pure representative government does not grant political equality to all citizens. Instead, it absurdly makes the public servants functionally superior to sovereign civil society. Of course, the absurdity results from taking the sovereign people's point of view on governance, which is exactly what the politically sophisticated Urban Progressives of the Reform Era did. If you take the predator's point of view, or the servile's, then upside down is the natural order of things. (Stop being good Democratic and good Republican servile. Start being good Americans.)
- National, pure rep govt does not allow the sovereign people to speak for themselves in their voting majorities. Instead, rep govt's charlatans, demagogues, and psychopaths get to speak whatever lies please them, to and for sovereign civil society -- with zero effective accountability.
- National, pure rep govt does not allow sovereign civil society to directly elect all of its representatives. Instead, it maintains arbitrary corruption grounds called "the Electoral College" and "the independent judiciary" so that individuals in the highest reaches of power are appointed by the elites.
- National, pure rep govt does not allow the sovereign civil society to remove its employees for cause. Instead, a wholly arbitrary and pseudo-legal impeachment mechanism allows the pompous powerful within rep govt to save as many of its own from accountability as can be done without the public lynching the whole lying, greedy, useless pack of politician criminals. The predators have learned well that you don't need to fool all the people all the time. Fooling just some can keep you alive, in power, and obscenely wealthy.
- National, pure rep govt does not allow the sovereign civil society direct access to lawmaking. Instead, it makes whatever unenforceable, loop-holed, and/or illegal laws best suit its culture of lying and corruption machines (e.g., the anti-law regime tandem of (1) the unconstitutional and treasonous, privately-owned, usurious, currency counterfeiting, and currency inflation system of the Federal Reserve, and (2) the unconstitutional and treasonous, wealth-redistribution system of IRS personal income tax on wages and labor used to pay the usurious interest charges on the fiat, counterfeit, debt-based currency issued by the private owners of the Federal Reserve).
- National, pure rep govt does not allow sovereign civil society to freely alter details of their governance. Instead, it protects all of its elitist-favoring institutions and arbitrary lawmaking procedures to ensure the power of the greedy, psychopathic few over the sovereign, ordinary people.
- National, pure rep govt does not prevent violations of citizen rights by zealous minorities, greedy corporations, the corrupting superrich, or government itself. Instead, it is the facilitator for rights violations by all of those factions so that elitist profits and power are maximized, and so that ordinary people remain divided among themselves over as many dividing lines as possible. (Any substantial degree of citizen unity across the dividing lines would automatically mean unity against the politicians' culture of lying and corruption machines. Elitist profits and power would be automatically limited.)
Our DOI-based fundamental governance rights cannot be achieved in a pure representative government. They can only be achieved in a government that is a mix of fully independent, sovereign citizen lawmaking and representative government.
The balance between sovereign civil society and rep govt in a DD/rep-govt mix is in rep govt's daily access to governing power and civil society's occasional application of ultimate power. The sovereign people do not have to make every decision.
Arguing against any of the people's fundamental governance rights is to argue that the American people are not sovereign. Such argument today is legally irresponsible. All power is held by the sovereign people and delegated with restrictions to the public servants, not the other way around.
There is nothing mysterious about rights, freedoms, and liberties. They are all made of the same stuff, the same powers. They are the freedom to be, the freedom to do, and the freedom from many human and political things involved with social, economic, and political fairness and equality. They are the discoveries and results of what it takes to defend those who are threatened or overwhelmed by aggressions against themselves and/or their society by powerful and unprincipled individuals and groups.
Once a fundamental human or political right is established, it lives forever. It might be suppressed by any government at any time. However, as long as it is recognized or rediscovered by any group of human individuals, it has its own life. Rights are humanly absolute, not politically relativistic.
From the rights established by 400 years in ancient Republican Rome, every civil society is the sovereign in its nation, whether the nation's laws recognize them as such or not. All political power flows from the people. The people are the nation.
Yes, we must live under our nation's laws. However, if and when we gain the opportunity to square those laws with the human and political rights that we know to be ours, the squaring is the right thing to do. Allowing predator elitists to deny us our rights, lawfully or unlawfully, so that they have increased opportunities to butcher us for profits and power, is clearly the wrong thing to do.
In the US, the people's sovereignty is not open to debate. There is no reason whatever that we the sovereign people must live with laws that suppress and violate our human and political rights. There is no reason whatever that we must allow predatory politicians to elevate themselves above our rule of law so that they can suppress and violate our rights for profits and power.
The public servants whom we elect and appoint to our governments are not the nation. They are not public masters. They are not the sovereign of the nation. They are public servants only. The only legal powers they have are the ones that we the sovereign people delegate to them.
Now, we are at a turning point. All three branches of our national government have used their powers to become a massively illegitimate tyranny. This is not politics as usual. This is an unique proto despotism, violating our Constitution and laws to an unimaginable, 1934-Nazi-Germany-like degree. Bush-Cheney is anti-Contitutional governance.
We the people are the sovereign here. We need the functional sovereignty, the raw power, of direct democracy governance components so that we can exercise our sovereignty when necessary. Without the DD governance components, we are powerless to stop even the smallest tyranny.
The shadowy, globalized fascist tyranny of the superrich world government has been enslaving our nation for nearly a hundred years. Those who control the international central banking cabal are the true masters of that shadowy world government -- and of our domestic and foreign policy. They're represented here in the treasonous Federal Reserve and its treasonous money-pump, the IRS personal income tax on work and wages. Their private, behind-the-scenes, shadow-government work is nearly done. We're far into police state realities and on the edge of the North American Union collapsing our sovereignty, rights, freedoms, and liberty. Grow up politically or politically perish in the world government of, by, and for the superrich. See Arron Russo's 2006 film, America: Freedom to Fascism, free-per-view online at Google Video.
Stop with the do-nothing hand-wringing and clothes-clutching. Start with the citizen action groups (CAGs) and citizen action plans. Take responsibility for the political realities. Grow up or die ignorant.
THE EIGHT DD GOVERNANCE COMPONENTS
Great strides were made during the Reform Era in the civil society's sovereignty. It was the greatest democracy movement in recorded history, with many tens of millions participating.
Reform Era citizens devised the greatest corruption-fighting package ever created, leaving that package in many state constitutions where corrupt politicians cannot meddle with it.
State government elites have made a mockery of the constitutional amendments establishing the mix of sovereign citizen lawmaking and rep govt. They've passed unconstitutional statutes to override the hard=won constitutional provisions -- giving themselves the power to delay, alter, and/or reject any citizen-proposed law (I&R petition) that is offensive to money-power -- before the people have the opportunity to vote the issue. The parallel would be executive agencies and/or judges barring a Senate committee from sending a bill for a floor vote. (See the essay, "2nd Look--State Govt Against Citizen-Proposed Law", on my weblog, DD Revival.)
Despite the 100 years of illegal abuses, the Reform Era's corruption-fighting package is still there, messed-over but not broken, safely stored in the state constitutions of the 23 active I&R states. It needs only a statute-law cleanup and some clearly written constitutional amendments. The cleanup requires only the organization of nonpartisan citizen action groups. We have plenty of individual talent to craft the needed laws and amendments.
The cleanup will result in fully independent, sovereign citizen lawmaking. It will give we the sovereign people the power to end the elites' state-level, first line of defense against national-level corruption, as well as to minimize their national-level power-profit greed.
The Reform Era legacy can be viewed as an affirmation of eight direct democracy governance components that have correlated components in ancient Greece and Rome. The eight modern, Reform Era versions of the ancient components are the functional expressions of the DOI's seven fundamental governance rights. They sort themselves into three categories --
(1) The people's direct election of representatives, suppossedly done in open, fair, and peer-reviewed referendums called 'elections'. Most Americans have been so dumbed-down into political ignorance that they do not recognize 'elections' as simple direct democracy referendums in which all the jurisdiction's eligible voters gather without officers to vote candidates up or down. Elections are done in all states, but only for state-level officials and members of the national Congress. President, Vice President, and federal bench judges -- the top-most powerfui of our political heap -- are selected, not elected, by the class-race elite, to whom they will be forever accountable. We need to eliminate selection by the elites and directly elect all of our representatives.
(2) The people's recall of the election of a public official who has violated the public trust or simply offended too many citizens is removal of the people's political employee for cause. It is done by petition process in 18 states (Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, and Wisconsin). NOTE -- this is simply a modern and more civilized version of the ancient Greco-Roman citizens' vote to exile the offending person, barring his return, usually on pain of death.
(Note that all of the legislative functions
are heavily and unconstitutionally interferred
with by state govts in all 23 active I&R states):
(3) The people's constitutional amendment initiative (CAI) is the proposal process for constitutional amendments, intended to function without government interference. It is the most powerful of the DD components. Where the CAI exists in the state constitution, it automatically establishes the people as the sovereign, because they can write fundamental law directly into the state's constitution, while the public servants cannot. The CAI is so powerful that it can do the work of all the other DD components. We need the CAI, fully independent from govt interference, in every jurisdiction -- local, state, and national -- with new online citizen institutions at the state and national levels to protect it. It is currently done by petition process in 18 states (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois -- where it is very restricted, but still powerful -- Massachusetts -- where its constitutional provisions are unconstitutional relative to earlier, more universal constitutional provisions, so that the governing elites can arbitrarily stop any proposed citizen law that is offensive to money-power; big mess -- Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, and South Dakota). NOTE -- In all of those states, the people are constitutionally the state and have constitutional political equality, regardless of how ignorant they are of, or how little they use, those powers.
(4) The people's statute law initiative is the proposal process for statute law, intended to occur without government interference. It is done by petition process in 21 states (Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming).
(5) The people's statute law referendum is the proposal process for the veto of legislature-made law. The name should be changed from referendum to remand to minimize confusion with referendum-the-vote. It is done by petition process in 24 states (Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky -- where it is so restricted that it has no practical application -- Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming).
(6) The people's statute law affirmation ("referendum on existing state law") is the proposal process to bar government from amending a law that the people do not want changed. It is done by petition process only in Nevada. It was used in 1990 to stop the legislature from overturning Roe v. Wade's personal privacy rights for Nevada women. Its successful 1990 use, carrying its "see us first" provision in the constitution, forever barred the Nevada legislature from amending or repealing the state's abortion laws. The legislature can recommend and refer amendments or repeal to the people, but only the people's direct-vote referendum can approve the legislature's recommendations. In 1990, it quieted what promised to be an explosive situation if the legislature had its anti-Constitutional way.
(7) The legislature's statute law referral to the people's referendum, done in 23 states, and
(8) the legislature's constitutional amendment referral to the people's referendum, done in 49 states (excepting only Delaware).
Our Urban Progressives of the Reform Era -- circa 1898 to 1918 -- crashed into the systemic problems and corruptions of pure representative government. Unlike today's hand-wringing, do-nothing, so-called progressives, who sit on their hands and wait for the inside-the-corruption-box, inside-the-culture-of-lying, Democratic Party to save us all, the Urban Progressives worked outside the box of the failed status quo. Their remedies and solutions centered on giving the people the power to check and balance the corruption- and collusion-prone branches of government. They acted by constitutionally increasing direct democracy, so that they could gain the representative government promised in the Constitution. All they wanted was the melding of direct democracy to representative government, so that they could have a proper representative government, with corruption minimized.
In the past nine decades, predator elites in the state govts have done whatever unconstitutionalities were needed to wreck and defame all citizen lawmaking and the recall, with special emphasis on wrecking the constitutional amendment initiative. With the state govt unconstitutonalities eliminated, direct democracy components will have a very improved look and feel. The eight DD governance components, if installed at the national level, are all the power needed by the sovereign people to limit wealth- and class-driven corruptions, to re-define the over-vague Constitution, and to hold accountable the corrupt and criminal representatives and judges. We have a 3-branch fascist despotism to end, a national economy to save with sustainability, a fascist corporatism "North American Union" to wreck, and the Yellowstone supereruption to prepare for -- a disaster that could happen from tomorrow to many years from now, and that will kill tens of millions of Americans within a few weeks if we are no more prepared for it than we are now.
In the frame of complex systems theory, the Reform Era was a microshift that partially succeeded. Our Reform Era citizens succeeded in advancing us toward the objectives of political equality and independence from tyrannical elites. However, they failed to effectively alter elitist corruptions and control.
We the sovereign people are no closer to independence from tyrannical elitist control now than we were at Caesar's death and the fall of the Roman Republic. As with the ancient Romans, we've lost our Constitution to money-power tyrants.
However, the early 20th Century Reform Era carried us one giant legal step toward the objectives. If we will take the time to organize and learn the lessons of the Reform Era's failures, we can make the next microshift fully successful. For the lessons to learn, see the "DD Reading List", on this site.
Rewrites and reorganizations are happening throughout this site. I've shifted from advocating an Article-5-based 2nd NCC (national constitutional convention) to advocating standalone constitutional amendments, to be forced through Congress after sufficient smash-mouth politics. The first of these -- the one instituting fully independent citizen lawmaking -- will create "consent of the governed", giving Constitutional amendment ratification power to a direct-vote referendum of the people.
The shift away from a 2nd NCC obsoletes many of my earlier writings.
Additionally, the site's content and coding are being revised. The awkward site navigation blocks at the top and bottom will soon move into Cascading Style Sheets as a left sidebar. --SN
Essays On This Site
"Open Letter To Bruce--The Plan" is a slightly edited email exchange with a long-time collegue who found himself lost in TMI (too much information). The collegue's email triggered a reorganization of both the DDL site and the DD Revival blog site. It also allowed me to vent about the do-nothing civil society, although, again, I failed to work in material covering the do-nothing fault of would-be reformers and self-indulgent activists. There's blame enough to go all the way around.
Until would-be reformers reach out of their historical ignorance and learn enough to trigger a mass democratic movement similar to the populist-muckraker-progressive movement of the late 19th and early 20th Centuries -- the so-called 'Reform Era' -- ordinary Americans have no leadership to take them away from the Bush-Cheney 3-branch despotism. And, after over two hundred years of powerless deference and resignation under bogus political leadership, ordinary Americans purely need leadership to relearn their grassroots, sovereign responsibilities to the well-being of this nation. NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
"Open Letter To Susan--Making Bush-Cheney Null & Void" examines how we can end the 3-branch, Bush-Cheney despotism that has collapsed our Constitution, broken our laws, and obliterated our rule of law with its criminal court rulings, criminal legislation, criminal executive actions, and criminal collusions among the branches.
The essay gives the "null & void project" outline, describes the smash-mouth politics of the "Unity America" citizen action plan, and discusses some standalone Constitutional amendments that we need. After the smash-mouth politics has put THE FEAR into Congress, the standalone amendments will be a walk-through.
Bush is not a president. He is a presidential usurper. He was not elected in accord with the Constitution in 2000. His selection by SCOTUS began a felony conspiracy defined in and violating 18 USC 241. Felony forfeits all immunities -- judicial, legislative, and executive. The co-conspirators, also guilty of treason, belong in federal prison -- SCOTUS thugs, Clinton-Gore, Bush-Cheney, and both regime's DOJ hierarchies, at minimum, regardless of impeachment.
By constitutional usurpation principles, Bush's "presidency" was null and void from inception, regardless of when any judge finds the usurpation to be legal fact. Every Bush action taken under color of law since 20 January 2000 is null and void. Most of those are on-going anti-law regimes that have generated new felonies every time the individual anti-law regime is applied.
Nothing new under the sun. In the 60s BCE, Pompey ripped the anti-republican constitution and laws of the usurper-dictator Sulla out of Rome's legal fabric, returning Rome to the great republic that it had been for nearly 400 years.
If we apply ourselves, it will take a decade or longer to unravel and rip out the web of treasonous, Bush-Cheney felony conspiracies and related anti-law regimes.
"Organized, Unorganized" is a comparison/contrast of our being organized for proactive citizen action and our not being organized.
Looking back at the national and regional citizen action groups that drove the Reform Era's democracy increases in 26 states in the early 1900s, we simply have nothing to compare. Reform Era citizens took responsibility for govt's corruption and inflexibility to citizen demands -- and organized, and rammed direct democracy down the throats of many pure rep govt state constitutions. By the end of the Reform Era, civil society's political sophistication was about an 8 on the 10-scale. Their wins were reversed only by the state govts' unconstitutional statutes ("anti-law regimes") and illegal felony conspiracies against state and national citizen rights. (See the essay, 2nd Look.)
In comparison, civil society's political sophistication today is about a 0.5 on the 10-scale. Civil society continues to firmly do nothing about a massively failed, massively corrupt status quo that has treasonously redistributed wealth upward since the 1913 corruptions that unconstitutionally established the privately-owned Federal Reserve and the personal income tax on wages. State govt anti-law regimes and felony conspiracies against rights, still undiscovered by most of civil society, stop any citizen-proposed law that is offensive to money-power. The stoppage is at state level, before the debate can reach incendiary proportions at the national level. The lack of civil society seeing into this huge, treasonous, corruption machine -- while the criminal, treasonous politicians laugh all the way to the bank -- is a major indicator of tiny political sophistication.
NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
"Judicial Independence: Zero Accountability". Judicial independence was originally intended to keep the elites safe from commoners, not to keep judges safe from politicians. The zero accountability of judges led to SCOTUS crushing social justice in the Gilded Age, again in the 1920s and 1930s, and again in today's Bush-Cheney Usurpation. We need to end their aiding the predator elites with impunity. Bush v. Gore, 12 Dec 2000, was an unconstitutional, felonious, and treasonous SCOTUS ruling that aided only the predator elites. We need to make the federal bench accountable to the sovereign people -- with nonpartisan elections in each Court's jurisdiction and recall available to the national civil society (so that bigoted local majorities cannot protect a judge who rules unconstitutionally in accord with local "values".
Note -- This essay, originally posted to the DD Revival blog on 16 August 2006, marks my personal shift from advocating a 2nd Nat'l Constitutional Convention to advocating standalone amendments for our Constitutional renewal. The shift presumes a significant organizing for a mass democratic movement and steadily increasing smash-mouth politics against the failed political system. Only then will our national govt of abject cowards fold under the pressure, suddenly become our great good buddies, and give us whatever Constitutional amendments we want so that they can save their worthless, criminal, lame asses. NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
"Article 5 Constitutional Convention" is straight talk about the deep trap that the seemingly attractive Article 5 constitutional convention is in the current political reality. The essay's first section gives Article 5's historical setting. Passed 15 September 1787, it was an obvious sop from Hamilton and his majority predators to Randolph, Mason, and Gerry, who were threatening to not sign the Constitution they'd worked intensely on all summer long. The sop was meant to say, here, this will provide any changes needed in the future. Randolph, Mason, and Gerry -- eminent leaders that Hamilton's predator elites did not want standing against the Constitution -- saw through the deceitful ploy and refused to sign the document.
DD Political Philsophy:
"Executive Summary of Direct Democracy". We the people are the sovereign here. We need the seven extraordinary rights from the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence instituted in our Constituion. We need our national govt to include the eight direct democracy governance components that express the seven extraordinary rights and that are already in place in some of our states -- so that we can exercise our sovereignty when necessary. Without the DD governance components, we are powerless to stop even the smallest tyranny. The staccato of the deeply planned and sweeping crimes perpetrated by the three-branch Bush-Cheney Regime prove beyond doubt that the omission of direct democracy from the Constitution created systemic problem from the beginning.
"Fundamental Governance Rights", an expansion of "Executive Summary of Direct Democracy" (see above), the essay examines the nation's fundamental rights of governance, as implied by our greatest living document, the Declaration of Independence (DOI). It also examines the role assigned to the DOI by the American elites, their rejection of all the DOI's governance principles, their majority's predator elitism, and the nation's need to reform the elite power structures so that the elites can contribute responsible top-down governance to balance the people's sovereign grassroots-up governance. We need non-predator elites as much as they need us.
"TRG -- True Republican Governance" lays out the birth of TRG in Republican Rome. It discusses the fundamental human and sovereign civil society rights that come to us in the legacy from Republican Rome by way of our extraordinary founding principles in the Declaration Of Independence. It also examines why and how we should discuss repocracy, the governance done by representative government. It concludes that the corrupt morphing of the present-day US repocracy into a three-branch despotism, contravening the Constitution and the rule of law, gives us more reason to establish our fundamental rights in a national TRG than we have ever had before.
"2nd Look--State Govt Unconstitutionalities Against Citizen-Proposed Law " discusses state govt deceits and illegalities in their handling of citizen-proposed law for the past 100-plus years. For we the sovereign people to overcome the crimes of the national govt, we need the fully independent citizen lawmaking already established in the constitutions of the I&R states. The I&R states are the key to any effective action plan to end the three-branch Bush-Cheney fascist despotism and its catalog of crimes. The corruption machines of the elites and both political parties have done their best to close off state-level citizen lawmaking. We need to understand what has happened in the I&R states and how to overcome those unconstitutional controls on our constitutional DD rights. Remedy is as remedy does. "2nd Look" goes to the heart of the matter.
"I&R Clean-Up" is an in-depth examination of the many constitutional violations that state governments have put into statute law to arbitrarily and unconstitutionally control citizen proposed law. Since the beginnings of I&R in 1898, this set of constitutional violations has been in continual use and development to (1) selectively delay, alter, or reject citizen proposed law that is offensive to money-power, (2) discourage and deter citizen political action, and (3) further wealth- and class-driven corruptions at both state and national levels. Twenty-six state governments are now involved in these anti-democracy unconstitutionalities.
The bulk of this essay is devoted to a proposed constitutional amendment (PCA) for cleaning up the Oklahoma constitution's vague sections on citizen lawmaking. This PCA can serve as a model for all other state constitutions.
"Electronic Constituent Assembly" is an essay by Mike Hollinshead on how the television, telephone, and computer technologies can be brought together to improve citizen participation. Hollinshead has designed and executed several ECAs. His experience shows that the ECA could be very advantageous in situations in which citizens must use a wide spectrum of resources to examine complex issues, and, at the same time, either impart their perceptions and conflicts to elected representatives or use the open discussion for their own deliberations. Clearly the ECA would advantage state-level OCIs (online citizen institutions) in many issues.
"Americans Re-Inventing Themselves" looks at the gap between, and the realities inherent in, the Declaration Of Independence (DOI) and the Constitution. The essay makes a strong case that the constitutional convention of 1787 was a ploy to consolidate elitist power at the end of an 11-year conflict over the people's sovereign rights to "instruct legislatures".
The ordinary people were demanding the direct democracy rights that they felt were promised to them in the DOI -- rights for which they'd risked everything in the War for Independence.
American elites, living the unexamined life of bigoted elitism, rejected direct democracy because it would allow the rabble to dictate to the elites, limiting profits and power.
At the end of the 11-year debate, in the summer of 1787, the elites -- losing the debate -- took the law into their own hands and used the 1787 constitutional convention to overthrow the USA's inviolable 1782 constitution, the Articles of Confederation. After writing-up their elites-favoring, pure representative government, they violated the provisions of the Articles to get the wider elites community to unconstitutionally ratify their own creature -- the Constitution.
All talk of direct democracy, of sharing power with ordinary Americans, was ended -- until the accumulation of wealth that sprang from the Civil War into the Gilded Age, on into unconscionable citizen abuses, and on into the citizen backlash known as the 'Reform Era'.
"The State Of The Republic, 1776-2004" is a book-length mix of political history, the class-race problem and refuting their sophistries, direct democracy and fundamental rights, fascist corporatism and its post-WW2 ownership of US government, the dual-party predator majority within our representative governments, corporatism's Bush-led despotism, the fatal weakening of civil society, and how to re-build civil society's political sophistication so that we can accomplish a constitutional renewal and recover our nation with true republican governance. A prima facie case is made, showing that the Bush appointment to and acceptance of the presidency following Election 2000 violated the rights of all citizens to have a president elected in accord with the Constitution and is criminally prosecutable under federal statute, 18 USC 241 -- conspiracy against rights. Another prima facie case is made, showing that the presidentially-declared war in Iraq violated the citizen rights of US soldiers to be sent into war only by a direct vote of Congress, and is criminally prosecutable under 18 USC 241. Additionally, prima facie cases are made, showing that public officials and judges in the 23 active I&R states follow unconstitutional statutes to arbitrarily delay, alter, and/or reject state- and local-level citizen-proposed law. Those public officials and judges can be criminally prosecuted in federal court under 18 USC 241 for violating citizen rights to the republican form of government promised in the Constitution. And, because those officials and judges are state and local government employees, the same rights deprivations make them liable for federal civil lawsuits under 42 USC 1983. See chapter 4, "Violating Constitutions".
NOTE: This material will soon be broken down into several separate topics and titles. The first topic will be "American Revolution". The sophistries, vacuous arguments, and historical falsehoods of The Federalist Papers need to be flayed out into the light. Some of that flaying-out will be done here. The piece's title will probably be "State of the Republic, 1776-1791".
"Reinventing II" is about the four microshifts in which ordinary Americans reinvented themselves despite the crush of wealth- and class-driven corruptions and greed following the Civil War -- (1) the Emancipation ends slavery, (2) Rural Populists learn about money, (3) Muckraking investigative journalists bring exposés into the living room, and (4) Urban Progressives create the corruption-fighting mix of direct democracy and representative govt in 19 states, arguably more. The extraordinary rights of Americans, given in the Declaration of Independence, triggered all of these hopeful microshifts. The partial successes of each are amazing testaments to American resilience. The partial failures of each are disgusting and often unconstitutional-illegal actions by the elites to crush American rights for the sake of profits and power. Money-power first, ordinary people last.
COMING SOON. The essay is being written.
"The Fed: Jekyll Island Monster". In 1910, when the meeting at Jekyll Island took place, US national circumstances were such that the superrich desperately needed new mechanisms to keep the rabble down and to give the elites increased control. Citizens of nine states had already rammed direct democracy's I&R (initiative and referendum petition process citizen lawmaking) into their state constitutions -- Arkansas, Colorado, Maine, Missouri, Montana, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, and Utah. Citizens in many other states were heavily organized and threatening to institute their own citizen lawmaking. Class-race elite 'desperation' is probably an understatement.
Across the country, elites were being threatened and driven off decades-old corruptions that held vast profits and power for them. The losses of those profit-power corruptions made the wider elites community more than a little crazy.
By 1913, Two of the most horrendous Constitutional crimes of our nation's history were perpetrated by the national govt -- the passage of the Federal Reserve Act and the passage of the Fed's own private money pump, the personal income tax on wages and labor.
NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
"Russo's 'Freedom to Fascism' " reviews Aaron Russo's 2006 film, "America: Freedom to Fascism". AFTF is free-per-view online, at Google Videos. DVDs are available at the AFTF site.
NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
Easily one of the most important films bearing on our national govt, Russo's AFTF shows that anti-Constitutional treason and felonies have been the order of the day for the governing elite since 1913. Both the treasonous Federal Reserve and its money-pump, the treasonous personal income tax on wages and labor, were hammered into place in 1913. The direct and adverse consequences for ordinary Americans throughout the intervening 94 years are massive. What our treasonous govt has done for the superrich -- and especially for the global central banking cabal -- has been unconscionable. The resulting upward redistribution of wealth has taken the economic lifeblood of ordinary Americans. The money-grubbing schemes fielded by both central treasons -- including the war-profiteering in Iraq -- has led to wholesale felony murder of US soldiers, govt agents, and civilian contractors as well as to the wrongful prosecution and imprisonment of American citizens and unconstitutional judicial rulings from the federal bench. Every elected and appointed representative within the national govt, as well as every owner within the privately-held Federal Reserve system, is guilty of treason or is an accessory after the fact. They should all be criminally prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned. Every damned one of them.
"Homegrown American Fascism" lays out the growth of American corporate and govt fascism, from Rockefeller's Standard Oil, to the Gilded Age butcheries of ordinary people, to the German war-machine rebuild in the Interwar Period, to participation in and war profiteering from the Nazi slave-labor camps, to Nixon Era corporate laissez faire, to Reagan Era super laissez fair and voodoo economics, to Bush Era nation-crushing laissez faire and super-voodoo economics.
NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
Twenty-six categories of Bush-Cheney fascist practices:
"No waffling. As with German and Italian fascism in the early 20th Century, the Bush-Cheney Usurpation is pure fascism. It demonstrates a strong-man leader, extreme secrecy, controlled media, fraudulent elections, judicial rulings clearly violating the Constitution, negation of the rule of law by all three branches of government, obstruction of justice for political and corporate leaders, the making of ex post facto law to immunize political and corporate leaders from past crimes, redefinition of established law for corruption and ideological purposes, redefinition of commonly understood language terms to avoid legal retribution (e.g., 'torture' to mean only treatment resulting in severe organ damage or death, and 'terrorist surveillance' to mean the interception of any communication or bank activity done by US citizens), the making of unconstitutional law to limit rights, suppression of Constitutional rights for profits and power, misuse of policy and law for unstated intentions, cronyism and corruption, sham national security obsessions, warmaking for profits and power, supremacy of the military, sham nationalism for the masses while leadership creates policy to benefit the transnational and stateless superrich, hard science made politically relative, anti-intellectualism outside the political and corporate elites, suppression of critical thinking in public education, intermixing of government and religion, enemies and scapegoats obsessions, destruction of undesirable minority population and cultural centers (e.g., Warsaw ghetto and New Orleans), male chauvinism and suppression of women's rights, and corporation protection extremes including lassez faire economic policy and suppression of labor's rights and power."
The essay briefly describes how we can get back our lost constitutional republic.
"Bush-Cheney Proto-Despotism" discusses the unconstitutional, felonious, and treasonous acts perpetrated by all three branches of our national govt to bring about and maintain the criminal Bush-Cheney Regime -- for the benefit of the superrich.
"Criminal Conspiracy and the Laws of War--Iraq" examines the laws that make the invasion of Iraq unconstitutional, felonious, and treasonous. From the unconstitutional delegation of Congress' war powers to Bush unconstitutionally using those legislative-branch-only powers, to the 1935 SCOTUS ruling that created the "nondelegation doctrine" for core Congressional powers specifically assigned in the Constitution, to the felony conspiracy violation of our soldiers' rights to be sent to war only at the express order of Congress, to the felony murders of our soldiers as expressed in 18 USC 241 and in 18 USC 2441, to the treason precedent of the convictions of the war-related secessionist state legislators in the 1860s for failure to protect Constitutional citizen rights, the Iraq invasion is a lot more than just politics as usual.
"Judge Robertson and the MCA". Somebody got to the zebra. US District Court Judge James Robertson was still ethically normal in 2004, when he granted Hamdan's habeas corpus in the initial stage of Hamdan vs. Rumsfeld.
But he was pure Nazi yesterday (13 December 2006), when he caved in to the demands of the Gonzales-Nazi's DOJ, ruling that the Constitutionally-barred ex post facto provisions of the Military Commissions Act of 2006 (MCA) mean that Hamdan's habeas corpus is no longer valid.
NOTE: Clicking on the essay's title will take you to the blog, DD Revival. The essay is not yet coded for this site. Soon.
Robertson's ruling is not just unConstitutional -- it is anti-Constitutional. "No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed", the Constitution says. It does not say that if Congress wants to pass an ex post facto law, let 'em -- we'll sort it out later. It says that passing an ex post facto law is anti-Constitutional, a felony conspiracy against the rights of all citizens to have governance in accord with the Constitution, and treasonous because it blatantly violates those citizen rights.
Every senator and member of Congress who voted for the MCA is guilty of treason. Every damned one of them. The fascist mutt presidential usurper who signed the MCA into an unconstitutional anti-law regime is guilty of treason. And Judge Robertson is guilty of treason. All of them should be criminally prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned. What are we doing? Why are we allowing these Nazi mutts to plow our Constitution and laws into the ground with one anti-Constitutional criminality after another? With Nazi impunity? Are you so crazy with political stupidity and reality rejection that you think this is the last of it? That after this, everything will go back to normal?
It is not going to get better. It is going to get worse.
"Yellowstone Supereruption". Let's call it Area One. It's the 600-mile radius around the Yellowstone Caldera. Bill McGuire, professor of geohazards at University College London, considers a 600-mile radius to be deadly space during even a minimal supereruption. "Within a thousand kilometers, virtually all life would be killed by falling ash, lava flows, and the sheer explosive force of the eruption."
A quick and dirty calculation of counties included in Area One's 600-mile radius shows a current population of 19.8 million (estimates by the federal Census Bureau dated 01 July 2005). Unprepared, the vast majority of those will likely be dead or dying in the first days of a Yellowstone supereruption. By recent scientific calculations using seismic data, the volume of Yellowstone's 80 x 40 x 8 km magma chamber is about 20,000 to 25,000 cubic kilometers -- about 4800 to 6000 cubic miles. If Yellowstone blows out just a quarter of its magma, the 1200 to 1500 cubic miles spewed will be the largest known supereruption. And it's ripe. It could happen tomorrow. The St. Helens blast in 1980 ejected about one quarter of one cubic mile. If Yellowstone blows out one fourth of its magma chamber in an uninterrupted blast, it will be 4800 (1200 times 4) to 6000 (1500 times 4) times the explosive force of St. Helens. The actual size and date of the next Yellowstone supereruption is beside the point. The point is that our politicians have intentionally kept ordinary people unprepared. They want us to shop till we drop -- for the benefit of the superrich and themselves. They're assured spaces in comfortable underground shelters along the East Coast, built with public money.
Zero preparation is the point. If we're unprepared, a Yellowstone supereruption tomorrow, or a hundred years from now, will result in the nonfeasant murder of tens of millions of ordinary Americans. Politicians of both parties will be responsible for those murders. They've been ignoring the hard science for decades and rubberstamping the junk science that keeps the truth from the American people.
If we're unprepared, many tens of millions of ordinary Americans beyond Area One will die in the first few weeks. The American heartland breadbasket will be buried in ash and destroyed. The five- to ten-year volcanic winter will kill surface vegetation and pelagic plankton around the world, yielding devasting effects on the food supply globally. Healthcare will be overloaded, and the prescription medication delivery systems will break down for most of the US. The national economy will be in the toilet. And that's just a few of the bad things that will happen, if we're unprepared.
The last supereruption happened 74,000 years ago and triggered the ice age. We've no living memory of such a thing. And it's a matter of when, not if. There's no way to stop or even delay an explosive supererruption. It is its own creature. There's only preparation, or no preparation.
"Killing Rights -- Anti-Abortion Legislative Felony" examines the South Dakota government's violation of federal abortion rights with HB 1215, passed 22 February 2006 and signed by the Governor, Mike Rounds, 06 March.
It might have been intended for use against Roe v. Wade somewhere off in the future, but its immediate effect was the violation of women's Constitutional rights.
Every conspiracy to violate rights is a felony under federal statute 18 USC 241. "If two or more persons conspire to injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate any person in any State, Territory, Commonwealth, Possession, or District in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or because of his having so exercised the same; ... They shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both ...."
The South Dakota constitution -- Article 3, paragraph 11 -- denies 'legislative immunity' in cases of "treason, felony, or breach of peace".
The 1980 SCOTUS decision in United States v. Gillock, 445 U.S. 360, clearly established that the doctrine of 'legislative immunity' does not shield the legislative acts of a state legislator from criminal prosecution in federal court.
The South Dakota enactors of HB 1215, including the Governor, are constitutional criminals and felons-in-waiting. Their lack of prosecution in federal court by Steven K. Mullins, the DOJ's US Attorney for the District of South Dakota, is obstruction of justice and another signpost of corruption and criminality in the Bush-Cheney Usurpation.
We need to get our friends together and force the federal prosecution of the South Dakota constitutional criminals.
"Dorf Concludes SD Legislative Felony Is Legal" is the political rant foreshadowing the legal rant that is yet to come. It is the making of a prime facia case that this law school professor is an accessory after the fact of the South Dakota government's legislative felony. In his essay for FindLaw's "Writ", Does South Dakota's New Abortion Ban Cross The Line Between 'Test' Legislation and Defiance of the Supreme Court?, law professor Michael Dorf has knowingly assisted the felonious South Dakota co-conspirators "in order to hinder or prevent [their] apprehension, trial, or punishment". The quote is from federal statute, 18 USC 3 -- accessory after the fact. For his help to the felons, and if convicted, Dorf faces the possible sentence of a fine plus 5 years in federal prison, half of the 10-year maximum prescribed for the principal South Dakota co-conspirators, per 18 USC 241.
"Anti-DD Arguments" draws together predator elitsm's commonly-used tricks and traps used to keep the people down. Ppredator elitism's age-old toolbox of sophistry, vacuous argument, convoluted polemic, Machiavellian deceit, and unconscionable spin create the tricks and traps. They deceitfully criticize, but do not diminish or even address, the sovereign people's fundamental rights in governance.
The tricks and traps help to conceal the class-driven and wealth-driven corruptions that give the predator elitists and their progeny their unrightful social, economic, and political power. The tricks and traps have worsened since the end of WW2. The US national and state governments have become corruption on corruption in corruption.
Only our unpacking the anti-DD arguments will show us how little substance separates us from our fundamental rights in governance. With our governance rights in place, the one-party, three-branch despotism can be ended, corruptions can be minimized, and remedies found for the myriad critical political problems. .
"Half-Direct Democracy" is a slightly cleaned-up email exchange [with added text in brackets] between myself and Jiri Polak, PhD (political science), one of the leaders of the WDDM's (Worldwide Direct Democracy Movement) concealed hierarchy, who originally called themselves "the committee for the formal organization of direct democracy". In this exchange, I examine one of the sophistries employed by the WDDM to deflect DD activists from pursuing all of the sovereign people's fundamental rights in governance. The sophistry is: ordinary people are incompetent to decide complex issues because they lack relevant information. It is taken from predator elitism, where it has been in use against the people's DD for about a hundred years. It is a pointed example of anti-DD arguments in the 1912 book, The Initiative And Referendum: Arguments Pro And Con By A Special Committee Of The National Economic League.
"Open Letter To The AARP Hierarchy" is a deeply enraged scream at fascist corporatism.
The 2003 Medicare "reform" bill is a feudalistic upward redistribution of wealth, the trademark of predator elitism throughout the eons. It is not primarily a prescription benefit for seniors, as claimed by the Bush-Cheney three-branch despotism and the corporate predators of the AARP hierarchy, the pharmaceutical death industry, and the medical death industry. It is (1) a privatization of Medicare for the sake of corporate Windfall Profit Machines, (2) an extension of fascist corporatism's financial destruction of Social Security and Medicare begun decades ago by the Congressional criminals who spend trust fund monies on anything the superrich want, keeping the trust funds as close to bankruptcy as possible, (3) the overly-complex and loophole-loaded law loved by the corporate sleaze who are highly skilled at using such law to perpetrate corporate fraud and investor fraud with the government's help, and (4) it marks a new era of organized crime in the Congressional protection-racket extortion for perks and warchest monies to keep the new Windfall Profit Machines up and tuned for maximum profits.
"DD Reading List" is a list of twenty-two books, most of which discuss direct democracy. DD activists should consider the list to be required reading. Of course, the list is just recommended reading for those who are not activists.
There are two versions of the list. The first is a loosely prioritized list. This list is what would appear in a course syllabus if I were teaching DD at the college level. Further syllabus-like keys are given in the intro.
The second is an alphabetized list of the same books, based on the last name of each author.
"States DD Chart" lists all 50 US states and gives which of the eight basic direct democracy components are granted in each respective state's constitution and laws. There is also a brief prologue, discussing direct democracy generally and DD component considerations specifically. The prologue also gives hot links to various online compilations of state constitutions and laws.
"The Virginia Bill Of Rights" presents the document written by politician and jurist George Mason, 1725-1792, who is widely revered for using his profound understandings of government to accurately express the majority sentiments of his fellow Virginians and their countrymen. The page includes the first two paragraphs of the Declaration Of Independence and the Constitution's Bill Of Rights for comparison. Both of the later documents reflect Mason's characterization of the new nation's majority sentiments.
To his lasting credit, Mason was one of the three great democrats who insisted that the proposed Constitution, finished 15 September 1787, be submitted to the states for a period of study and deliberation by the people, before being sent on to a second constitutional convention. The predator majority of the Constitution's authors voted the motion down. They had what they needed to end the decade-long national debate over the people having the right to veto legislature-made law, and to give legislatures instructions on bills to formulate. Letting the people back into the process was exactly what they did not want. Mason, true to his convictions and joined by Edmund Randolph and Elbridge Gerry, refused to sign the Constitution for which he and they had worked intensely throughout that Philadelphia summer.
"The Swiss Bill Of Rights", vastly superior to the US Bill Of Rights, the new-in-1999 constitution guards Swiss human rights against 21st century, high-tech intrusions. After years of compilation, the Swiss government referred the new constitution to the people, giving them more than two years deliberation before its 1999 referendum date. The people passed it by substantial "double majorities" -- a majority of all voters nationally and a majority of approving states (cantons and half-cantons), which is their constitutional requirement for national citizen lawmaking.
"DDL Objectives" is a compilation of the DDL credo, common ground musings, the primary objective, sundry other objectives, a description of DDL membership, and the list of thirty-one interrelated, critical issues.
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Stephen Neitzke, DDL Founder
Dura lex, sed lex.
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